Hormones are chemical messengers, produced by the adrenal, pituitary, thyroid, ovaries, testes and other glands, that have far-reaching effects throughout the body. Hormones regulate everything from growth and tissue repair to metabolism, reproduction, blood pressure and the body’s response to stress. Hormones also regulate complex bodily functions, from digestion to sexual development.

The word hormone comes from the Greek word horman meaning “to set in motion”. All multi-cellular organisms produce hormones, including plants. The system of glands that release hormones is referred to as the endocrine system. The branch of medicine that studies the hormone system is known as endocrinology. The endocrine system is one of the body’s main systems for communicating, controlling and coordinating the body’s work.

The concept of internal secretion was developed in the 19th Century by Claude Bernard who described it in 1855, but did not specifically address the possibility of secretions of one organ acting as messengers to others. Still, various endocrine conditions were recognised and even treated effectively. The major breakthrough was the identification of secretin, the hormone secreted by the duodenum that stimulates pancreatic secretions, by Ernest Starling and William Bayliss, in 1902. Previously, it was thought that the process was regulated by the nervous system. Starling and Bayliss demonstrated that injecting duodenal extract into dogs rapidly increased pancreatic secretions, raising the possibility of a chemical messenger.

During the remainder of the 20th Century, all the major hormones were discovered as well as the cloning of the relevant genes and the identification of the many interlocking feedback mechanisms that characterise the endocrine system.

Hormones are commonly given as medications. oestrogens and progestagens are often prescribed as contraceptives to prevent pregnancy. Thyroxine is prescribed to individuals with an underactive thyroid. Individuals with autoimmune disorders and those undergoing gender reassignment procedures often take steroids. Diabetics take insulin to regulate the amount of sugar in their blood.

Disturbances in hormone production and binding can occur in both functional disorders and pathological disease states leading to altered function and health. Certain nutrients have been shown to be capable of modifying endocrine deviations and may represent a safe and gentle way of returning the endocrine system to a state of balance & improved function. In females the two most significant hormone-related natural events are menstruation and menopause, but many other endocrine systems and other body tissues can be affected.

The Menstrual Cycle & Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

During the normal reproductive years, females experience monthly changes in the secretion of hormones. This cyclic pattern is called the menstrual cycle. This cycle averages 28 days; however, it may be as short as 20 days or as long as 45 days. These variations are considered normal. Within each cycle there is an increase and then decrease of both follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinising hormone (LH). These gonadotropic hormones are secreted by the anterior pituitary gland. In response to these hormones, the ovaries release oestrogen and progesterone hormones. These hormones are released at drastically differing rates during different parts of the cycle.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a combination of physical and emotional disturbances that occur after a woman ovulates and ends with menstruation. The most common symptoms include occasional irritability, emotional tension, anxiety, mood changes, breast tenderness, and water retention. PMS is estimated to affect between 20 – 50 percent of menstruating women. In most cases, symptoms are mild to moderate. However, it is estimated that 10 percent of women with PMS have more severe symptoms. Nutrients and nutritional therapy can offer support for female hormone imbalances.

Related products available at Nutri-Link:

Code Product description Type Size Supplier
1130 B12-2000™ Lozenges (w/B6/Folate) Loz 60 BRC
1175 B12/Folate Plus™ Caps 100 BRC
1012 Bio-D-Mulsion Forte™ Liq 30ml BRC
1007 Bio-D-Mulsion™ Liq 30ml BRC
1011 Bio-K-Mulsion™ (500mcg per drop) Liq 30ml BRC
6503 Bio-Soy Flavones™ Caps 60 BRC
1400 Biomega-3™ Caps 100 BRC
1427 Blackcurrant Seed Oil Caps 60 BRC
SP100 BodyBio Oil 4:1 Oil Liq 474ml BB
1740 Ca D-Glucarate 500mg Caps 120 BRC
3012 Cytozyme-F™ Tabs 60 BRC
3019 Cytozyme-O™ Tabs 60 BRC
3018 Cytozyme-PT/HPT™ Tabs 180 BRC
3009 Cytozyme-PT/HPT™ Tabs 60 BRC
74140 DIM® Enhanced Delivery System Caps 120 ARG
76150 Dr Wilson’s Dynamite Adrenal (VAT Exempt) Pwdr 900g ARG
75760 Dr Wilson’s Dynamite Adrenal (VAT Exempt) Pwdr 300g ARG
71260 EPO Evening Primrose Oil, 500mg Soft Gel 120 ARG
5305 Equifem™ – Now Fem Multi 1 Tabs 126 BRC
5306 Equifem™ – Now Fem Multi 1 Tabs 252 BRC
5307 Equifem™ (Iron/Copper Free) – Now Fem Multi 1 Tabs 126 BRC
SP330 Evening Primrose Oil (1300 mg./cap) Caps 90 BB
SP350 Flax Meal Pwdr 425g BB
72350 Flax Seed Oil Liq 237ml ARG
1405 Flax Seed Oil Caps Caps 100 BRC
70550 Flax Seed Oil, 1000mg Soft Gel 100 ARG
70560 Flax Seed Powder Pwdr 454g ARG
76310 Flow Less Caps 60 ARG
1179 Folate-5 Plus™ (with B12) Tabs 120 BRC
6710 Gammanol Forte™ (with FRAC) Tabs 90 BRC
6711 Gammanol Forte™ (with FRAC) Tabs 180 BRC
1201 Intenzyme Forte™ Tabs 100 BRC
1202 Intenzyme Forte™ Tabs 500 BRC
1207 Intenzyme Forte™ Tabs 50 BRC
75880 Licorice Solid Extract Liq 120ml ARG
1730 Liquid Iodine Liq 60ml BRC
1736 Liquid Iodine Forte™ Liq 60ml BRC
LM209 Liquid Iodine- No. 9 Liq 60ml BB
LM403 Liquid Magnesium – No. 3 Liq 120ml BB
LM203 Liquid Magnesium – No. 3 Liq 60ml BB
1707 Mg-Zyme™ (Magnesium) Tabs 100 BRC
75971 Natural Gamma E Soft Gel 60 ARG
75980 Natural Gamma E Soft Gel 150 ARG
1407 Optimal EFAs™ Caps 120 BRC
76480 Ovary Beef Natural Glandular Caps 100 ARG
6260 Pre-Natal Packs™ Packs 31 BRC
70320 Solution of Magnesium Liq 237ml ARG

References

  1. Randomised comparison of oestrogen versus oestrogen plus progestogen hormone replacement therapy in women with hysterectomy. Medical Research Council’s General Practice Research Framework. BMJ 2-24-1996;312(7029):473-478. View Abstract
  2. Recombinant human luteinizing hormone (LH) to support recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-induced follicular development in LH- and FSH-deficient anovulatory women: a dose-finding study. The European Recombinant Human LH Study Group. J Clin Endocrinol.Metab 1998;83(5):1507-1514. View Abstract
  3. Aloia, J. F., Vaswani, A., Yeh, J. K., Ross, P. L., Flaster, E., and Dilmanian, F. A. Calcium supplementation with and without hormone replacement therapy to prevent postmenopausal bone loss. Ann.Intern.Med 1-15-1994;120(2):97-103. View Abstract
  4. Introduction to Endocrinology. In: Guyton AC, Hall JE. eds. Textbook of Medical Physiology 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: W.B. Saunders Co; 1996:925.
  5. Zeligs MA, Connelly AS. All About DIM. New York, NY: Avery; 2000:36-37.
    Endocrinology and Reproduction. In: Guyton AC, Hall JE. Menopause. In: Textbook of Medical Physiology, 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Company; 1996: 1017-1018.
  6. Premenstrual tension syndrome. In: Thomas CL, ed. Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. 17th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: F.A. Davis; 1993:1587.
  7. Ward MW, Holimon TD. Calcium treatment for premenstrual syndrome. Ann Pharmacother. 1999;33:1356-1358. View Abstract
  8. Milewicz A. Vitex agnus castus extract in the treatment of luteal phase defects due to latent hyperpropactinaemia – Results of a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study. Arzneimittel-Forschung. 1993;43:752-756. View Abstract
  9. Bradlow HL, Sepkovic DW, Telang NT, Osborne MP. Indole 3 carbinol. A novel approach to breast cancer prevention. Ann NY Acad Sci. 1995; 768:180 2000. View Abstract
  10. Huntley AL, Ernst E. A systematic review of herbal medicinal products for the treatment of menopausal symptoms. Menopause. 2003 Sep-Oct;10(5):465-76. View Abstract
  11. Carroll DG. Nonhormonal therapies for hot flashes in menopause. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Feb 1;73(3):457-64. Comment in: Am Fam Physician. 2006 Feb 1;73(3):396, 398. View Abstract.
  12. Abraham GE & Lubran MM. Serum and red cell magnesium levels in patients with premenstrual tension. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol 34, 2364-2366. View Abstract
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